Economic vector 2023 2(33)Download issue
FLIGHT TO QUALITY: EVIDENCE FROM THE CHINESE BOND MARKET IN 2020
Author(s): M.V.Utevskaya, V.A. Makarova, A.N. Budarin
The article examines the relationship between the COVID-19 crisis and the change in the structure of the PRC market using the example of bonds with a high degree of safety based on data from 2020. The authors discover the existence of a relationship between structural changes in the market and the time of the pandemic, while showing the stability of the model. Using the example of the Chinese bond market, the authors show the phenomenon of flight to quality, and assess the consistency of the results of the study with other studies on similar topics.
Keywords: flight to quality, bond market, pandemic, COVID-19 crisis, investor behavior, reaction to the crisis.
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES OF ASSESSING FINANCIAL STRATEGIES OF ENTERPRISES
Author(s): M.N. Moskalenko
The article considers the types of financial strategies of enterprises and presents a methodology for their evaluation. The assessment of possible ways of strategic choice of the enterprise in the future is given. The introduction of the above methodology into the practice of strategic enterprise management will increase the efficiency of using information about the conditions of its activities in order to improve its financial management system.
Keywords: financial strategy, strategic choice, evaluation of the effectiveness of the chosen strategy.
FEATURES OF FINANCIAL BALANCE ANALYSIS FOR INTERNAL REPORTING USERS
Over the past year, many enterprises with foreign capital have announced the termination of their activities in the Russian market, but at the same time only less than 9% of them have finally left Russia. Many small and medium-sized enterprises with foreign participation, including Finnish participation, still operate in Russia, since Finland has been one of the main strategic and investment partners for many years. In connection with the presence of such enterprises, difficulties arise in the preparation and analysis of financial (accounting) statements for its internal users (Finnish founders and managers).
This article provides a financial analysis technique that can give the internal user of reporting (foreign owner and head of the organization) a complete picture of the organization's performance based on the organization's balance sheet data.
Keywords: financial analysis, financial reporting, internal reporting users, balance sheet, reporting indicators.
THE ROLE OF ECOTOURISM IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROTECTED NATURAL AREAS
Author(s): N.A. Putintseva, A.D. Drozdova, V.V. Petrova
The article considers the experience of ecotourism development in European countries. The basic principles of ecotourism are highlighted. The types of protected natural territories are identified and the degree of severity of the prohibition of the applicability of forms of use of natural territories is determined. The analysis of the current state of ecotourism development is also carried out on the example of the Russian subjects of the Kaliningrad and Leningrad regions. The study of scientific works allowed us to determine the role of ecological tourism in the development of protected natural areas. The development of ecological tourism in specially protected natural areas contributes to the formation of people's understanding of the importance of natural areas for the conservation of biological diversity.
Keywords: tourism, ecological tourism, specially protected natural areas, development of ecological tourism, tourism industry.
The article presents the scientific controversy of the formation of human resources in the conditions of digital transformation of the economy. A detailed analysis of the indicative assessment of the level of innovative activity of organizations in the Russian Federation by type of economic activity was carried out, the level of staffing of organizations engaged in innovative activities in the field of information technology was determined, and the level of training in the field of information technology and related fields of education related to the intensive use of ICT was assessed. The article identifies the main problems hindering the training of personnel in the field of digitalization, and ways to solve them. The results obtained can be used for further scientific research within the framework of digital and innovation issues, as well as applied in practice in order to substantiate management decisions by enterprise management and public authorities.
Keywords: innovative activity, innovative and active enterprises, innovative activity, digitalization, staffing, digital competencies.
ORGANIZATIONAL AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES OF SOFTWARE PRODUCTS USED IN THE DESIGN OF ENGINEERING SYSTEMS
Author(s): V.A. Drabenko, D.V. Drabenko, I.M. Kuznetsov
The article analyzes the state of modern software tools and computer modeling products that are used to design engineering systems for commercial, social, industrial infrastructure. On its basis, issues related to organizational, legislative and licensing capabilities and the cost of various software are considered, as well as the topic of modernization and transformation of domestic developments in the market of engineering computer-aided design.
Keywords: information technology, construction industry, computer design, computer business.
"GREEN" COMPROMISE: THE INNOVATIVE POTENTIAL OF THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY IN THE CONTEXT OF DECARBONIZATION
Author(s): H. Allahkhah, T.G. Maximova
The article considers the prospects of the oil industry in the context of global innovation decarbonization trends. Among the main problems the following are highlighted: the critical place of oil and gas industry in Russian economy, costly search for alternatives, lack of clear policy and regulations. The article attempts to review the sequence of decarbonization measures in the oil industry and possible solutions: carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS), low-carbon fuels, electrification and energy efficiency measures. Particular attention is paid to finding innovation solutions that will curb global warming, while being sufficiently cost-effective.
Keywords: innovative potential, decarbonization, economic efficiency, energy efficiency, oil industry, carbon capture and utilization technologies, low-carbon fuels, renewable energy sources.
THE ROLE OF FRIENDLY PROGRAMS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INCOMING TOURISM IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Author(s): J. Neumeier, A.L. Zelezinskii, O.V. Arhipova
The article is devoted to the consideration of the experience of implementation and assessment of the role of umbrella Friendly programs in the development of inbound tourism in the Russian Federation. The authors note that the current state of the Russian tourist market provokes the search for mechanisms that will ensure the stable growth of the domestic tourism industry. One of them can be considered an orientation towards the development of domestic tourism in the Russian Federation, the other is targeted work with incoming flows, taking into account the needs of target groups in order to restructure behavioral motives. Among the conceptually holistic programs for serving separately selected target consumer groups, umbrella Friendly programs are of particular interest.
Keywords: Umbrella friendly programs, inbound tourism, tourism, industry and hospitality, attracting tourist flow.
EVOLUTION OF THERMAL REGISTERS AND EARNINGS: THE CASE OF THE PORTUGUESE MARKET
Author(s): N.Moutinho, A.Nunes, S.Sultana
This study highlights the importance of thermal spas and the reasons that lead individuals towards thermal tourism. Because thermal spas are very important to the economy of the regions where they are located, this study analyses the personnel and frequencies of thermal spas in Portugal using descriptive statistical analysis. The results show the demand for Portuguese thermal spas is developing in a progressive trend and that the frequency of thermal spas is increasing annually despite the decrease during the pandemic due to covid 19. The analysis also shows that the demand for thermal spas is higher for Portuguese inhabitants than foreigners. We can conclude that the importance of thermal tourism in Portugal is very significant and plays a vital role in the local economy.
Keywords: Thermalism, Tourism, User's registers, Portugal.
FEATURES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Author(s): V.A. Kulikov
There is an insufficient amount of investment in domestic infrastructure facilities. The first place in the number of contracts was given to the sphere of municipal infrastructure. The implementation of projects related to the development of transport infrastructure is usually postponed. Factors such as the economic crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic and changes in legislation influenced the decline in the indicators of concession agreements.
Keywords: public-private partnership, PPP, concession, concession agreement.
FORMS AND PROMISING DIRECTIONS OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE KALININGRAD REGION
Author(s): V.S. Konopleva, A.V.Gerasimova, I.A. Konopleva
The insufficiency of considering the prospects for the development of tourism in the Kaliningrad region in the post-pandemic period in modern geopolitical sanctions conditions determined the purpose of the study, which consists in an in-depth study of this issue with the development of recommendations. The authors analyzed the forms of tourism implemented in the Kaliningrad region, presented their characteristics and promising areas of implementation in the region.
Keywords: tourism, tourism development, Kaliningrad region, forms of tourism, directions of tourism.
TOURISM BUSINESS: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
Author(s): V.S. Konopleva, A.V.Gerasimova, I.A. Konopleva
The article presents the results of a study of the development of the hospitality industry in the post-pandemic period. The authors analyzed the state of the tourism industry in modern conditions, studied the impact of prices on the development of tourism business, the role of the hotel business in the development of the tourism industry, identified problems and developed recommendations to minimize negative factors and improve the efficiency of business processes in the hospitality industry..
Keywords: tourism business, hospitality industry, post-pandemic period, tourism, tourism industry.
THE ROLE OF THE CIVIL AVIATION AND TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN REGIONS
Author(s): M.A. Liubarskaia, M.A.Kirillov
The article provides an overview of the current state of the civil aviation industry, in particular, the segment of passenger air transportation and civil aviation infrastructure, identifies its role and impact on the regional economy. The authors show that the development of the passenger transportation market reflects the socio-economic development of the territories, as it largely determines their accessibility, investment attractiveness and convenience for economic activities. As a theoretical significance of the study, it should be noted the substantiation of the contribution of the regional air transport system to the gross regional product. Of practical interest are recommendations for taking into account the development of Russian civil aviation in modern conditions.
Keywords: passenger traffic, infrastructure, civil aviation, region, air transport system.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF REGIONAL REAL ESTATE MARKETS FOR THE MODERN ECONOMY
Author(s): M.A. Liubarskaia, K.V. Glazkov
The article reveals the features of the functioning of real estate markets in the regions of Russia at the present stage. The authors characterize the real estate market as a defining element and indicator of the state of the region's economy. As a theoretical significance of the study, it should be noted the identification of causal relationships between crises and cycles in the economy and the patterns of development of the real estate market. Of practical interest are recommendations on taking into account the factors of regional economic development for the most effective investments in real estate in the region.
Keywords: real estate market, regional economy, investments, crisis, economic cycle.
FINANCIAL RISK-MANAGEMENT IN DIGITALIZATION ERA
Author(s): T.V.Pogodina, D.V. Bagaev
The article discusses new opportunities that open up for specialists in the field of financial risk management in the era of digitalization. The authors analyze modern technologies, the inclusion of which in the financial risk management system makes it possible to increase its efficiency. The theoretical significance of the study is to identify the prospects and benefits of using big data, cloud computing, neural networks and machine learning in identifying and predicting financial risks in the service sector. Of practical interest is the determination of opportunities to improve the financial stability of enterprises due to the availability of more accurate and complete information that affects financial risks.
Keywords: finance, risk management, services, big data, machine learning, digitalization.
MANAGEMENT OF SECURITY OF INFORMATION IN COMPANIES
Author(s): J. Neumeier, A.L. Zelezinskii, O.V. Arhipova
In the modern world, the problem of information security in companies is most acute, as the number of cyberattack attempts on company websites and domains has increased many times. There are many programs and developments that can solve this problem quite effectively. The article discusses an algorithm aimed at creating an information product aimed at ensuring information security at different levels.
Keywords: information security, algorithm, security, data storage security.
DIGITAL PROJECT IN THE FIELD OF YOUTH SOCIAL POLICY FOR ITS PROMOTION ON DIGITAL PLATFORMS: HEALTHY LIFESTYLES OF THE GROWING GENERATION
Author(s): E.Sh. Shaimieva, D.A. Benzikova, A.Yu. Butneva
The relevance of the research lies in: (1) the possibilities of digital platforms as drivers of technological and socio-economic development of regions in promoting the values of society – a healthy lifestyle (HLS) among the younger generation in terms of quitting smoking; (2) increasing tobacco dependence among young people. The object of research: a digital project in the field of youth social policy for the development of healthy lifestyle of the younger generation, its promotion on digital platforms. Subject: the possibilities of digital platforms in promoting healthy lifestyle among the younger generation through: digital technologies, the use of methods of resistance to change. Research objectives: 1. Research of scientists in the field of the object, the subject of this work. 2. Conducting an empirical study among generation X. 3. The formation of cases among schoolchildren who smoke, quit smoking. 4. Formation of a digital project in the field of the subject of this study. Research methods: systematization, classification, grouping, comparison, logical, source-based, interview. The novelty lies in: substantiating the possibilities of digital platforms in promoting the values of healthy lifestyle among young people; improving the social mechanism of the subject of research (5 participants, 10 media of influence); forming the project "#Not belonging to Tobacco!/ TamakegaYaTugel!", which includes 10 events: using digital technologies (3 events) and changes in the elements of the social mechanism (7 events). Practical significance: formation of the value of healthy lifestyle of schoolchildren taking into account the social mechanism of healthy lifestyle, taking into account the methods of resistance to change. Conclusions: the scientific and theoretical foundations of this project study are presented, the scientific and practical results of this project study are obtained.
Keywords: digital platforms, digital technologies, digital project, youth social policy, healthy lifestyle, social mechanism, resistance to change.
INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL TOURISM
Author(s): D.V. Khodos, A.A. Salov, G.V. Gulyaev
In order to overcome the crisis in the tourism sector, including industrial tourism, and move towards sustainable growth, it is necessary to comprehensively study problematic aspects using a variety of approaches and use the full range of tools they provide. One of the leading directions in the development of economic thinking at the present stage is the institutional approach, which allows a deeper and broader look at the causes and possible solutions to problematic issues and crisis phenomena.
The article considers the main trends in the development of industrial tourism in an innovative economy, taking into account classical management theories. Attention is paid to such problems as the active development and implementation of diversification strategies and the transition from strategic forecasting and planning to the development and acceptance of possible scenarios for the development of the economic situation, as well as ways and means to solve them. The characteristics of the main stages of the development of the institutional approach in the economy are given and principles are formulated that explain the specifics of the influence of social institutions - family, religion, traditions, morality, the state, etc. on the results of economic activity and their dynamics.
Keywords: industrial tourism, social institutions, institutionalism, neoinstitutionalism, transaction, transaction costs, public policy, diversification strategy.
PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMPULSORY PENSION INSURANCE IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Author(s): Yu.I. Klimashova
Keywords: reform, pension system, pension provision, Social Fund of Russia, insurance premiums, insurance tariff, pension, citizen.
DETERMINANTS OF THE LEVEL OF PROFESSIONALIZATION AT THE STAGE OF THE THEORETICAL STAGE OF TRAINING
Author(s): N.A.Bovykina, A.V. Gerasimova, M.G. Davudov
The relevance of the effective process of professionalization during the period of study at the university is indicated. The data on the level of interrelation of personal characteristics of future specialists and the formation of professional commitment and self-identification are presented. The presence of a connection is analyzed at the stage of theoretical training. The tightness of the connection was analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient. The influence of the leading motives in professional self-determination on the success of entering the specialty is proved. There is a confirmation of a noticeable connection between the methods of coping with problematic and stressful situations and the level of professional identity achieved. There is a noticeable connection between individual personality traits and the formation of images of a profession and a professional among students.
Keywords: professional commitment, professional self-identification, factors of professionalization, training, personal characteristics, motives, coping strategies.
THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE EVOLUTION OF VALUE THEORY
Author(s): V.A.Yezhova, A.V. Glotko
Уважаемые читатели и коллеги, внимание!
Редакция журнала «Экономический вектор» объявляет о ретрагировании статьи, опубликованной в №2(33) 2023 г. авторами: ЕЖОВОЙ ВАЛЕНТИНОЙ АНДРЕЕВНОЙ (аспирант, кафедра корпоративного управления и финансов, Новосибирский государственный университет экономики и управления «НИНХ», тел. +7-983-103-87-77, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) и ГЛОТКО АНДРЕЕМ ВЛАДИМИРОВИЧЕМ (д-р экон. наук, доцент, профессор кафедры экономической теории, Новосибирский государственный университет экономики и управления «НИНХ», тел. +7-963-510-62-50, e-mail: email@example.com) под названием «ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ ЭВОЛЮЦИИ ЦЕННОСТНОЙ ТЕОРИИ» в связи с выявившимся 15 сентября 2023 г. фактом опубликования этой же статьи (под таким же названием, авторами: В.А. Ежова – аспирант, кафедра корпоративного управления и финансов, специальность 5.2.6, Новосибирский государственный университет экономики и управления «НИНХ», Новосибирск, Россия, firstname.lastname@example.org, и В.А. Мариупольский – аспирант, кафедра маркетинга рекламы и связей с общественностью, специальность 5.2.3., Новосибирский государственный университет экономики и управления «НИНХ», Новосибирск, Россия, email@example.com) в другом научном журнале «Естественно-гуманитарные исследования» №2(46) 2023 (дата выхода 30.04.2023), в то время как вышеуказанная статья поступила в редакцию журнала «Экономический вектор» в марте 2023 г. и была принята к публикации, согласно графику опубликования статей, на июнь 2023 г.
Ссылка на эту опубликованную статью в научном журнале «Естественно-гуманитарные исследования» №2(46) 2023:
https://academiyadt.ru/mezhdunarodnyi-zhurnal-estestvenno-gumanitarnykh-issledovnii/elektronnaya-versiya-zhurnala-egi/ (первичная дата обращения на этот ресурс сотрудниками редакции журнала «Экономический вектор» - 15.09.2023 г.).
Просим всех научных работников, читателей обоих научных журналов и иных заинтересованных лиц обратить внимание на возможные в дальнейшем множественные публикации авторов ЕЖОВОЙ В.А., ГЛОТКО А.В. и МАРИУПОЛЬСКОГО В.А..